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Hoax Alert

Fake News: Photo Does NOT Show 1904 Black Friday Slave Auction

  • by: Maarten Schenk
  • (Sun, 01 Dec 2019 15:25:20 Z)

Does a photo depicting several men in chains show black slaves being sold at an auction in 1904 and is this the origin of the term "Black Friday"? No, that's not true: the image shows chained-up natives in Australia and has nothing to do with U.S. slavery or Black Friday. The origin of the term "Black Friday" also has nothing to do with slavery, that myth was busted some time ago.

The photo recently appeared in a Facebook post (archived here) published on November 29, 2019 with a caption that read:

Where it is important to #celebrate #holidays it is also important to #educate about them #blackfriday #messageinthemusic #podcast

Screenshot of https://www.facebook.com/kennygamble/photos/10156875342086139

This is the post in question:

And here is a closer look at the image:

notblackfriday.jpg

The caption reads:

"The term "Black Friday" originated with the practice of selling oof slaves on the day after Thanksgiving. ... The origins of the term "Black Friday" have become..."

Now, do we really need to embrace this kind of torture? Or we are such foolish, that we don't even research what is this so-called black Friday and we become so excited on something like this?

However Snopes already pointed out in 2013 that the term did not originate from the slavery era:

How Did 'Black Friday' Get Its Name?

"Black Friday" is the (originally derisive, now mainstream) term for the phenomenon that takes place in the U.S. on the day after Thanksgiving Thursday, when millions of consumers who get the day off from work or school crowd into stores for what is traditionally considered the beginning of the Christmas shopping season.

Specifically:

The use of "Black Friday" as a descriptor for the day after Thanksgiving has nothing to do with the selling of slaves, though, and the term didn't originate until nearly a century after the practice of slavery was abolished in the U.S. The earliest known use of "Black Friday" in such a context stems from 1951 and referred to the practice of workers calling in sick on the day after Thanksgiving in order to have four consecutive days off (because that day was not yet commonly offered as a paid day off by employers)

The date in the image (1904) is also suspect if was supposed to show U.S. slavery since the practice was outlawed in 1865 after the U.S. Civil War. And indeed it turns out it is a picture from Australia, you can see it on the cover of this book:

Every Mother's Son is Guilty: Policing the Kimberley Frontier of Western Australia 1882-1905

by Chris Owen In Every Mother's Son is Guilty, Chris Owen provides a compelling account of policing in the Kimberley district from 1882, when police were established in the district, until 1905 when Dr. Walter Roth's controversial Royal Commission into the treatment of Aboriginal people was released. Owen's achievement

This Guardian review of the book contains a description of the image:

But the cover photograph of Every Mother's Son is Guilty: Policing the Kimberley Frontier of Western Australia 1882-1905, by historian Chris Owen, rocked me.

The photo depicts 100 or so Aboriginal prisoners, men and boys, chained by their necks, in Wyndham, the small port town of the late 19th century established to serve the pastoral and mining industries of the Kimberley. The picture was taken between 1898 and 1906.

Still pretty terrible but no relation at all to Black Friday or U.S. slavery.

About the author:

Maarten Schenk is our resident expert on fake news and hoax websites. He likes to go beyond just debunking trending fake news stories and is endlessly fascinated by the dazzling variety of psychological and technical tricks used by the people and networks who intentionally spread made-up things on the internet.  He can often be found at conferences and events about fake news, disinformation and fact checking when he is not in his office in Belgium monitoring and tracking the latest fake article to go viral.

Read more about or contact Maarten Schenk

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